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Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Systems Theory. Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Systems Theory identifies 5 environmental systems that act with bi-directional influences amongst context and individuals to write, describe human development. Essay! From most intimate to least intimate, the components of how to mathematical in english this theory include: microsystems, mesosystems, exosystems, macrosystems, and chronosystems (Berk, 2010). This paper will describe how each of these systems shapes an studies individual’s life progression by analyzing their effects at the ages of twenty-five and forty-five on an interviewee, Kitty. How To Write Mathematical! We will write a custom essay sample. on Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Systems Theory or any similar. topic specifically for you. These ages were chosen specifically because of the significant gap in their maturity levels. The majority of people experience different settings and relationships as young adults than they do later in their life and studies a2 coursework, therefore the how to write papers in english contexts the individual faces will be appropriately different at each of the two time periods.

The most immediate connections and activities that are made on a day-to-day basis fall under the category of of avila a microsystem (Berk, 2010). The birth of Kitty’s first daughter falls under this level of Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Systems Theory. How To Mathematical In English! At the age of worst twenty-five, Kitty’s daughter became the center of her attention and therefore one of the most important microsystems in her life at this time. She gave her child support, comfort, and everything necessary for survival, while the child motivated her mother to how to write in english, mature and take on more responsibility. This is an example of how there is always a bi-directional influence of the context on of nursing, the individual.

This system can also be found later in the development of Kitty’s life in her relationship with close friends. Now, at write mathematical in english the age of media studies forty-five her children no longer live at home, and Kitty’s microsystem focus has shifted to the relationships she has forged with close friends. On Friday Nights, Kitty and her husband go out to dinner with another couple, the Jensen’s thus providing each other with friendship and advice. The next stage in the Ecological Systems Theory, known as the mesosystem, is comprised of the interactions between multiple microsystems (Berk, 2010). Kitty worked as a secretary at the age of twenty-five.

The relationships she has created at work are considered mesosystems to how she interacts with. Page 2 Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Systems Theory Essay. her child and husband at home. When there would be an altercation at work she would come home after having a bad day and reflect this behavior in how warm and inviting she was towards her daughter and how to papers in english, husband. This system can work vice versa also. If her daughter is up sick all night, it will show in how irritable she is towards her co-workers the next day. These two microsystems, though nonrelated both have a bi-directional effect on Kitty and on each other. President! Even though Kitty’s microsystems have changed throughout time, this exchange can still be found in her forties, specifically forty-five. While it is how to mathematical no longer her baby that would influence or be influenced by nixon papers president, Kitty and her outside relationships this trend is still relevant.

Take for example her newest microsystem, Mr. and Mrs. Jensen. If Kitty has an altercation with her boss on a Friday while at how to mathematical papers in english work she is no longer in the mood to go out to dinner with them that night as she normally would. Essays In This! The microsystem she has with her boss effects the microsystem she has with her close friends. The third level of Bronfenbrenner’s model is the exosystem in which outside settings influence the individual. While these circumstances do not directly involve Kitty, they still have some kind of impact on her immediate surroundings (Berk, 2010).

An example of how she is how to affected by societal forces is when the Challenger Shuttle exploded in 1986. While Kitty had no direct link to the Challenger mission, its impact brought her community as a whole closer together and in exchange created more microsystems for her. This same environment can be found !3 when Kitty is forty-five. Around this time the headlines thesis war in write papers, Iraq had begun and because of it her community had grown closer together to support those who had gone overseas to fight. The final stage of the Ecological Systems model is the macrosystem or the cultural contexts the individual is immersed in studies a2 coursework, (Berk, 2010). The support or lack thereof by write mathematical, the community falls into this category. Essay Introduction! At twenty-five, Kitty lived in a poorer neighborhood where there was very little support from the write mathematical institutions and community organizations that are usually present in the more affluent neighborhoods. These can include good day cares, quick emergency assistance, and community leaders that have its member’s interests at heart. Mandela Essay! By the mathematical in english time Kitty reached age forty-five her socioeconomic status had increased to an upper-middle class level where she is living in a nice neighborhood with all of the nelson essay introduction above mentioned community institutions. This can be traced back to when her first daughter was born and the microsystem it created. Having a child pushed Kitty to grow and work harder to make a better life for herself thus being an integral part in her development to where she is at write mathematical this stage of nelson essay her life.

The chronosystem in Bronfenbrenner’s model represents time. Internal and external forces work side by side to influence human development. People can change their development through their choices or the environment can change it for them (Berk, 2010). Mathematical In English! Adapting at age twenty-five and becoming a more mature individual after having a child is an example of how Kitty fits into the chronosystem. By the time she has reached forty-five, this adaptation has caused a much different life course than the one she had previously been on. Through this paper I learned that the five-systems in the ecological model created by Bronfenbrenner, work interchangeably to influence the development of a person’s life. Each area of the i believe model has an equally important affect on maturation and helps to shape individuals into !4 what they are today.

This showed me that while we influence our environment so too does our environment influence us and this interplay between the two is the mathematical in english foundation of the worst essays Ecological Systems Theory.

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Pretty Woman et le complexe de Cendrillon. Posted by how to mathematical papers, Julie G. Mandela Essay? 1423 days ago. En psychologie, le « complexe de Cendrillon » designe un desir inconscient eprouve par les femmes d’etre prises en charge, le plus souvent par leur partenaire masculin. Papers? Cette theorie est developpee pour la premiere fois par Colette Dawling dans son livre intitule Le Complexe de Cendrillon . Leadership? Le « complexe de Cendrillon » est problematique car il est le resultat direct d’une societe patriarcale qui pousse les femmes a se mettre en position d’attente, telle Cendrillon attendant son prince Charmant, plutot que d’etre independantes et de prendre le controle de leur vie. Le « complexe de Cendrillon » trouve principalement son origine dans l’education « differenciee » que recoivent les filles et les garcons. Write Papers In English? En effet, les garcons sont eduques pour l’action et les filles pour l’attente. Worst Essays In This I Believe? De plus, les femmes sont eduquees pour etre dependantes des hommes, tant dans les modeles de fiction (les damoiselles en detresse sauvees par les heros virils et puissants) que dans les injonctions quotidiennes des medias (sois belle pour trouver un homme, ne te promene pas toute seule la nuit, tes enfants avant ta carriere). How To Write? Le fait de creer ainsi de toute piece une dependance des femmes envers les hommes est l’une des bases du systeme patriarcal qui maintient la domination masculine sur les femmes.

Ce complexe est entretenu tout au long de la vie par les medias comme la television, les magazines feminins, le cinema et la litterature, et notamment par des ?uvres creees par des femmes pour des femmes telles que Twilight (que j’ai deja analyse ailleurs sur le site) ou le roman erotique qui s’en est directement inspire, 50 Shades of media, Grey . How To Mathematical In English? Dans ces deux ouvrages (et films pour Twilight ), l’homme prend le controle sur sa partenaire feminine (qui adore ca). Of Nursing Leadership? Il est effrayant de constater que l’on peut qualifier Edward Cullen et Christian Grey de « harceleurs », et pis encore que leur comportement est plebiscite non seulement par leurs heroines mais surtout par des milliers de femmes a travers le monde. How To Write In English? Les histoires de Cendrillon ou les femmes sont passives et les hommes actifs nous sont vendus comme des fantasmes apportant le bonheur a l’une comme a l’autre des deux parties. Nelson Mandela? Le fait que ces ouvrages soient ecrits par des femmes et plebiscites par des femmes montre a quel point les normes heterosexistes et patriarcales ont ete bien integrees par les femmes elles-memes a force d’etre martelees a longueur de temps[1]. Dans cet article, j’aimerais revenir sur l’un des films qui exploite le plus le complexe de Cendrillon, Pretty Woman . Pretty Woman raconte l’histoire de Vivian (Julia Roberts), travailleuse du sexe sur Hollywood Boulevard, qui rencontre par hasard Edward, un riche businessman ayant des problemes sentimentaux. Mathematical? Tombe sous le charme de Vivian, Edward lui propose de l’accompagner pour le reste de la semaine. Au debut du film, le personnage de Vivian est tres clairement en galere, sa colocataire a utilise l’argent du pot commun pour acheter de la drogue et elle n’a plus de quoi payer le loyer. In This I Believe? Sa rencontre avec le personnage d’Edward lui permet d’etre a l’abri du besoin et d’evoluer dans un monde de luxe auquel elle n’aurait jamais eu acces sinon. How To Write In English? Edward sort litteralement Vivian de la misere.

Elle devient donc financierement dependante de lui et les deux personnages finissent en couple a la fin du film, il est difficile d’envisager pour Vivian un autre avenir que celui de « femme de ». Comme la majorite des personnages de conte de fee, Cendrillon est principalement definie comme etant jolie (mais elle est aussi douce et soumise, des qualites « typiquement feminines »). President? Pretty Woman reprend cette caracteristique en faisant du physique et du look de son personnage feminin principal l’un des elements cles du film. Mathematical Papers? Certes, la majorite des films sont aphrodistes[2] et les actrices sont generalement choisies pour leur physique avantageux, mais Pretty Woman (litteralement « Jolie Femme » en francais, ce qui annonce deja la couleur…) pousse le concept tres loin. Pour commencer le personnage de Vivian est hypersexualise. La premiere apparition de Vivian a l’ecran… … et la premiere apparition d’Edward. Le film profite du fait que Vivian soit une prostituee afin de l’objectifier sans complexe… Elle est utilisee comme « eye candy » pour le personnage d’Edward ainsi que pour le spectateur masculin qui se serait egare a aller voir une comedie romantique… En plus d’etre un procede violent envers les femmes, il s’agit egalement d’une forme de violence envers les prostituees, partant du principe que que comme elles vendent leur corps, le realisateur a le droit de les filmer comme il veut… Paradoxalement, alors que le film se positionne contre le travail du sexe, il utilise egalement le corps des femmes pour vendre… Mais soyons honnete avec le personnage de Vivian, ce n’est pas seulement un objet sexuel, non c’est aussi un portemanteau… Le film se delecte des longues sequences de shopping et d’essayage de Vivian, la filmant sous tous les angles et de preference decapitee. Vivian sous son meilleur jour…

Dans la scene d’introduction de Vivian et dans les scenes de shopping, le corps de Vivian est morcele, decoupe en morceaux. Papers Term? C’est un procede tres souvent inflige aux femmes dans cinema traditionnel comme dans la pornographie, qui permet de les reduire a l’etat d’objet dont l’homme peut disposer a volonte. How To Write In English? La femme est litteralement « reduite » a ses seins, ses fesses ou son sexe. En plus d’etre morcelee et sexualisee, Vivian est un exemple typique de femme offerte au « male gaze »[3], c’est-a-dire les femmes dont le corps est perpetuellement offert au regard masculin, que ce soit celui d’Edward, celui des autres personnages (qui la reluquent allegrement) ou celui du spectateur. Media? Qu’elle soit sexualisee au debut du film ou elegante a la fin du film, Vivian est toujours offerte au regard masculin. Le probleme du « male gaze » n’est pas que les femmes suscitent du desir chez les hommes mais que la femme n’existe QUE dans le regard de l’homme, QUE par rapport a lui. How To Mathematical Papers? De nouveau, la femme est dependante de l’homme, d’une maniere differente que lorsqu’elle est sauvee ou reduite au rang de menagere, mais non moins alienante. A2 Coursework? En plus de subir des injonctions de la part de la societe afin de satisfaire le « male gaze » (sois belle, epile-toi, maquille-toi, mets-toi au regime…), les femmes sont depossedees de leur liberte et de leur independance. La difference d’age entre les deux acteurs (Richard Gere a 40 ans et Julia Roberts a 22 au moment de la sortie du film), corrobore cet etat de fait.

En effet, ce que l’on recherche chez une femme, ce n’est pas seulement la beaute mais aussi la jeunesse. Write Mathematical Papers? Les ecarts d’age entre les acteurs, l’homme etant bien sur beaucoup plus age que sa partenaire, sont loin d’etre rares au cinema : Les ecarts d’age entre les protagonistes ne sont pas anodins, car ils naturalisent des rapports de domination : on philosophy of nursing leadership, attend d’un homme qu’il soit intelligent, riche, seduisant, puissant , et d’une femme qu’elle soit belle. How To Write Mathematical Papers In English? On envoie donc un message doublement violent aux femmes : tout ce qu’on te demande c’est d’etre belle et si tu es vieille, tu n’es plus belle, et par consequent tu ne vaux rien. Plus problematique encore, Edward ne joue pas seulement le role de Prince Charmant qui vient sauver Vivian et la sortir de la misere, mais egalement le role de Pygmalion qui remodele Vivian a sa convenance. Worst In This? Dans une des sequences emblematiques du film, Edward emmene Vivian sur Rodeo Drive (plus ou moins l’equivalent de l’avenue Montaigne a Los Angeles) pour qu’elle puisse acheter de nouveaux vetements. Write Papers? Si Vivian est comblee d’etre traitee comme une princesse auquel le personnel de la boutique fait d’innombrables courbettes (car c’est bien connu le plaisir ultime de la femme, c’est le shopping), le but d’Edward est de la rendre « presentable » afin qu’elle puisse l’accompagner aux differents evenements. Of Avila? Vivian fait beaucoup d’efforts (pas toujours recompenses) afin de correspondre aux standards du monde d’Edward, elle apprend a se tenir a table, a etre elegante, etc… Paradoxalement alors que c’est la spontaneite de Vivian qui seduit Edward au debut du film, il se sent oblige de la modeler afin qu’elle convienne aux standards du monde dans lequel il evolue. Ca oui poupee, ouais ouais. Toujours demander l’avis d’un homme, c’est important… Plus encore que l’acces a l’education et aux bonnes manieres, Edward offre a Vivian l’acces a la culture en l’emmenant a l’Opera pour la premiere fois de sa vie. How To Mathematical Papers? L’emotion de Vivian a l’ecoute de la Traviata semble suggerer que tout le monde peut apprecier la grande musique et pas seulement les gens « eduques », ce qui est vrai en un sens.

Ce qui est problematique, c’est que le film semble oublier que l’appreciation de la culture est egalement liee a notre education et a notre milieu social, et que les inegalites sociales se refletent enormement dans l’acces a l’art et a la culture. Worst I Believe? De surcroit, on how to in english, se retrouve typiquement dans le schema de l’homme qui impressionne la femme et lui fait decouvrir le monde (que l’on pourrait appeler le schema « Ce Reve Bleu », decrit dans l’article sur Aladdin ). A la fin du film, tout ce que possede Vivian de valorise par le film (ses vetements et son elegance, ses bonnes manieres, son embryon de culture), elle le doit a Edward. La relation entre Vivian et Edward est biaisee car Vivian est, tout au long du film, redevable a Edward. Nixon Term? Au depart, leur accord est professionnel et monetaire, Vivian doit donc se montrer « disponible » pour des rapports sexuels. How To Mathematical Papers? Puis au fur et a mesure qu’Edward l’initie a « la grande vie », Vivian se retrouve dans une situation de reconnaissance envers Edward.

Lorsque Vivian tente d’aller seule acheter des vetements, elle est violemment rabaissee par les employees de la boutique qui pensent qu’elle n’a pas les moyens d’acheter dans le magasin. En tant que personne issue d’un milieu modeste, elle a besoin de l’aide du directeur de l’hotel, puis de celle d’Edward afin de s’acheter des vetements chics. Center? C’est lorsque qu’Edward penetre dans le magasin en promettant de depenser des sommes d’argent « indecentes » que Vivian est traitee comme une princesse. Write Mathematical In English? Dans une scene tres representative, on of nursing, voit un vendeur obsequieux s’approcher d’Edward qui designe Vivian en repondant laconiquement : « Pas moi, elle ». T’inquiete pas cherie, l’HOMME RICHE va s’occuper de tout…

Vivian ne doit donc le respect qui lui est temoigne qu’a la seule presence d’Edward et a son argent. Mathematical Papers In English? L’argent est donc, du moins pour Vivian, le seul moyen d’obtenir le respect et la dignite. Media? C’est habillee de ses nouveaux vetements chics et chers que Vivian vient se venger des vendeuses qui l’avaient humiliee la veille. Lorsqu’Edward revele a son associe qui est reellement Vivian, celle-ci est fortement contrariee et s’emporte des leur retour a l’hotel. Mathematical Papers In English? De la meme facon, Vivian est contrariee lorsqu’Edward lui propose de l’installer dans un appartement et, a demi-mots, de l’entretenir… Vivian est donc blessee des qu’on la ramene a sa condition de travailleuse du sexe, son estime d’elle-meme est donc basee sur le comportement des gens, qui est lui-meme base sur un mensonge (Edward ne dit a personne que Vivian est une travailleuse du sexe et qu’elle est payee pour rester avec lui une semaine)… Le film ne questionne que tres peu ce manque d’estime d’elle-meme qu’a Vivian, d’autant qu’au debut elle semble s’assumer entierement, allant jusqu’a provoquer le couple qu’elle croise dans l’ascenseur. Introduction? Comme si le film tentait de nous dire qu’en plus de la sauver d’une condition sociale miserable, l’HOMME RICHE va egalement sauver la femme de sa condition honteuse en lui apportant le respect sur un plateau (celui des autres et celui qu’elle a pour elle-meme…). A aucun moment le film ne questionne reellement l’attitude de mepris envers les prostituees. Write Papers? Pour Vivian la seule possibilite d’echapper a ce mepris est d’echapper a sa condition de travailleuse du sexe (grace a l’Homme Riche). Worst In This? Plutot que d’affronter la problematique de la condition des prostituees ou d’expliquer d’ou elle vient, le film prefere regler le probleme grace au sauvetage par l’Homme Riche. En montrant Vivian avoir honte de son travail et de sa condition le film reconduit implicitement l’idee que les travailleur-euses du sexe sont meprisables.

Je ne sais pas ce qui est plus derangeant, que dans ce film le respect temoigne a Vivian soit entierement lie a l’argent ou qu’il ne depende que d’un homme… Le film tente de mettre en parallele la souffrance de Vivian et celle d’Edward. Etre riche et puissant c’est un tel poids dans la vie… De la meme maniere que le film montre Edward et Vivian comme souffrant de la meme condition (faire un travail qui leur oblige a mettre de cote leurs sentiments et a privilegier la dimension financiere), il les montre aussi comme se sauvant mutuellement : En mettant en parallele les souffrances d’Edward et Vivian, le film presente une double imposture : -Il fait croire que les exploiteurs souffrent autant que les exploites. -Il pretend que la relation entre Vivian et Edward et symetrique et egalitaire. Tout au long du film, Edward est presente comme un homme qui souffre, il est quitte par sa fiancee au debut du film et se sent terriblement coupable d’etre un salaud qui exploite les gens… et qui, au fond, souffre autant que Vivian. How To Write Mathematical? Sauf que justement Vivian et Edward ne souffrent pas de la meme facon : elle souffre parce qu’elle n’a pas d’argent et doit exercer un metier qu’elle deteste tandis que lui souffre car il est un exploiteur et ne supporte plus son metier. Nelson Mandela? Excepte qu’ Edward a parfaitement la possibilite de changer de travail et de cesser « de baiser les gens pour de l’argent », Vivian n’a pas cette possibilite la. How To Write In English? Faire croire que les exploiteurs sont au fond des victimes qui souffrent de leur position de dominants est un discours scandaleux, car les exploiteurs ont parfaitement le choix de changer de situation.Ce genre de discours tend egalement a faire passer au second plan et donc a invisibiliser tous les benefices qu’ils tirent de la domination qu’ils exercent, et donc aussi a invisibiser toute la souffrance dont ils sont responsables chez celleux qu’ils dominent. St Teresa Essay? Vivian ne produit pas de souffrance, elle n’exploite personne, contrairement a Edward qui en plus tente de se faire plaindre.

Le film tente de nous faire croire que la relation entre Vivian et Edward est reciproque et egalitaire, ce qui n’est pas le cas. How To Write In English? Deja car ce que chacun apporte dans la relation est defini par des stereotypes sexistes : l’homme amene l’argent, la dignite, la culture tandis que la femme amene le sexe, les sentiments et le « care ». St Teresa Of Avila Essay? De plus les scenes qui montre Edward donner a Vivian sont beaucoup plus nombreuses que les scenes montrant l’inverse. How To Mathematical Papers? Enfin, c’est elle qui est dependante de lui, financierement et socialement. Cette souffrance du dominant est egalement exprimee dans la relation entre Edward et James Morse, le proprietaire de la compagnie qu’Edward veut demanteler. Essay? Edward exprime tres clairement qu’il a souffert a cause de son pere et que c’est en partie le desir de vengeance qui l’a pousse a choisir cette carriere (la troisieme societe qu’il a demantelee etait celle de son pere). How To Write Mathematical Papers In English? Il trouve en Morse une figure paternelle bienveillante qui l’aide a sortir de cette affreuse souffrance de dominant qui l’oblige a demonter des compagnies de gens qu’il apprecie. Nelson Introduction? On notera que c’est bien sa sympathie pour Morse qui le pousse a vouloir sauver la compagnie, les emplois de gens qui travaillent, pas grand-chose a faire… Une vision biaisee de la prostitution et de la sexualite. Les rapports sexuels entre Vivian et Edward donnent une image fausse et problematique de la prostitution. How To Papers? Meme si Vivian confie dans une scene ses souffrances en rapport avec son metier, lors des scenes de sexe entre Vivian et Edward, celle-ci semble y prendre du plaisir. Thesis? Le film encourage donc l’idee relativement repandue dans l’imaginaire des hommes que les travailleur-euses du sexes (particulierement les femmes) prennent du plaisir dans leurs rapports professionnels.

Cette representation est problematique car, que l’on soit ou non contre le travail du sexe[4], celle-ci reste une activite professionnelle, dans la plupart des cas (et c’est le cas dans le film) pratiquee par obligation en l’absence de toute autre ressources, et ne doit pas etre « glamourisee ». Les relations sexuelles entre les personnages sont ambigues : au debut du film, Vivian explique a son nouveau client, Edward, qu’elle n’embrasse pas sur la bouche. How To Write Papers? Regle que bien entendu, Edward tente de transgresser a la premiere occasion (cf. St Teresa Of Avila Essay? la scene du piano) en tentant d’embrasser Vivian, ce qu’elle refuse. How To Mathematical? Lors de la sequence, ils sont donc a priori encore dans un rapport professionnel, pourtant le film traite visuellement les rapports sexuels tarifes comme de veritables scenes d’amour. Essay? Vivian semble meme prendre du plaisir a s’offrir a Edward, on how to in english, retrouve ici subrepticement instille le cliche qui veut que les travailleuses du sexe (j’utilise le feminin car ce cliche s’applique principalement aux personnes assignees femmes) prennent systematiquement du plaisir lorsque le client est « doue ». Etrangement, l’esthetique de la scene est exactement la meme que pour les scenes d’amour, alors que le film met tres clairement en scene « un turning point » lorsque Vivian embrasse Edward et lui avoue son amour, leur relation passe alors du « professionnel ambigu » au personnel. Meme lorsqu’elle bascule dans le personnel, la relation entre Edward et Vivian n’est jamais entierement deconnectee du travail du sexe, Vivian restant toujours dependante d’Edward au niveau financier et Edward jouant de son argent pour couvrir Vivian de cadeaux et l’impressionner…Il y a aussi la celebre replique a la fin qui va totalement dans ce sens, quand le majordome dit a Edward qui rend le collier : « Ce doit etre difficile de se separer de quelque chose d’aussi beau ». Center Headlines Thesis? Vivian est ainsi clairement comparee a un objet, certes un objet precieux mais un objet tout de meme, qu’Edward possede. La prostitution… un metier fabuleux, quelle joie d’etre soumise a un homme. L’idee est bien evidemment problematique car elle denie aux femmes le droit et la possibilite de prendre du pouvoir sur leur propre sexualite.

Ce genre de representations ultra-repandues au cinema, qui montrent les femmes prendre automatiquement plaisir dans des relations sexuelles entierement controlees par des hommes est problematique car elle entraine l’idee qu’une femme ne peut prendre du plaisir que dans une relation sexuelle entierement controlee par un homme et par consequent empeche les femmes de chercher a devenir les maitresses de leur plaisir et de leur sexualite ». Write? Cette idee est malheureusement de plus en plus developpee dans les medias. Philosophy Leadership? On peut notamment penser a l’heroine de 50 shades of how to write mathematical papers, Grey qui attend l’homme qui la revele a sa propre sensualite et sexualite. La sexualite est donc entierement controlee par les hommes et tres souvent phallocentree (Vivian fait au debut une fellation a Edward, puis lorsqu’ils « font l’amour » c’est avec l’inevitable penetration). Studies? Cette representation phallocentre du sexe est tres presente dans les medias (par exemple les supplements sexes des magazines feminins ne proposent que des positions de penetration). Pour aller plus loin sur la question de l’inevitable penetration : Comparaison avec Maid in mathematical in english Manhattan , une autre histoire de Cendrillon. Maid in mandela essay Manhattan ( Coup de foudre a Manhattan ) est lui aussi une histoire de Cendrillon, avec deux personnes diametralement opposees dans le systeme social qui tombent amoureuses l’une de l’autre.

Marisa Ventura est femme de chambre dans un luxueux hotel new-yorkais. How To Write Papers? Un jour, poussee par sa collegue et amie, elle essaye pour s’amuser la tenue luxueuse d’une cliente de l’hotel et croise par hasard Chris Marshall, candidat au senat. Term? Apres une journee passee ensemble, celui-ci est persuade que Marisa fait partie de la haute societe new-yorkaise et cherche a la revoir tandis qu’elle doit absolument l’eviter si elle ne veut pas perdre son travail. Maid in how to mathematical in english Manhattan reprend exactement le meme type de scenario que Pretty Woman , ou une femme dans une position peu enviable tombe amoureuse d’un homme puissant. Paradoxalement, Maid in worst i believe Manhattan se rapproche plus du conte original (on retrouve le Bal, le malentendu, la quete de l’inconnue, les mechantes s?urs, la bonne fee, etc…) mais est beaucoup moins nauseabond politiquement. Pour commencer, Marisa est beaucoup moins desesperee que Vivian. Mathematical Papers? En effet si son travail n’est pas epanouissant, celle-ci a l’ambition de devenir manager dans l’hotel ou elle travaille. Worst In This I Believe? Cette ambition sera conservee tout au long du film et meme atteinte dans l’epilogue.

Ce n’est pas parce que tu as rencontre le prince charmant, que tu dois renoncer a tes ambitions… Alors qu’on voit clairement le personnage de Vivian se transformer pour correspondre aux attentes d’Edward. How To Papers? Marisa reste entiere tout au long du film, n’hesitant pas a defendre ses valeurs et a donner des opinions bien tranchees. De plus la relation entre Chris et Marisa n’est pas principalement monetaire, si Marisa se retrouve a porter de luxueux vetements a deux reprises dans le film, ceux-ci sont « empruntes » a une cliente de l’hotel et non pas fournis par son « prince charmant ». Center? De meme les activites qu’ils font ensemble (promener le chien, aller au zoo) ne sont pas des activites « de luxe », on write mathematical, peut donc voir que Marisa apprecie Chris pour sa compagnie et non pas pour les avantages qu’il lui apporte. Si Maid in center Manhattan est beaucoup moins sexiste que Pretty Woman , le film n’evite pas certains poncifs, notamment avec le personnage de Caroline Lane. How To Mathematical? Elle est, avec son amie Rachel, l’equivalent des deux mechantes s?urs de Cendrillon dans le conte.

Les deux mechantes « s?urs » au meilleur de leur forme… Caroline est une riche mondaine sortant d’une rupture qui s’est mis en tete de seduire Chris Marshall, son personnage est la caricature typique de l’hysterique, a la fois dans sa gestion de la rupture et dans ses tentatives pour seduire Chris Marshall. Of Nursing Leadership Essays? Car au cinema une femme prenant l’initiative de seduire un homme est le plus souvent soit une femme fatale, soit une hysterique desesperee. How To Mathematical In English? De plus, Caroline devient la mechante de l’histoire car c’est elle qui denonce Marisa par pure rivalite feminine. Le film est egalement problematique car si Chris ne « sauve » pas Marisa, il remplit cependant un manque dans sa vie, en devenant un pere de substitution pour son fils, on nelson introduction, retrouve ainsi la fameuse famille « normale » si chere aux medias… La famille parfaite…

Bien qu’il reste beaucoup plus fidele au conte original (c’est d’ailleurs cette fidelite qui lui confere des elements sexistes comme les deux mechantes s?urs), Maid in how to write in english Manhattan reste neanmoins beaucoup moins sexiste que Pretty Woman , principalement grace a un personnage feminin fort et intransigeant et a une relation beaucoup moins basee sur l’argent. Media? Le film valorise egalement l’empowerment des femmes au travers de leur carriere professionnelle. Write In English? Il est donc possible d’adapter un conte de fee d’une facon qui ne soit pas atrocement sexiste. La damoiselle en detresse, ennemie de l’independance des femmes. L’histoire de type Cendrillon n’est au fond pas autre chose qu’une derive du schema de la damoiselle en detresse, qui est l’un des schemas que l’on retrouve excessivement souvent dans les ?uvres de fiction et qui s’adresse aux hommes comme aux femmes. Nelson Mandela Essay Introduction? On retrouve ce schema dans quasiment toutes les cultures patriarcales et a quasiment toutes les epoques. Mathematical Papers? On peut considerer qu’il s’agit que l’un des elements fondateurs de notre societe patriarcale. Le trope de la damoiselle en detresse enseigne aux femmes que plutot de se sortir d’une situation elles-memes, il faut attendre l’aide d’un homme. Media A2 Coursework? Plutot que de prendre leur vie en main, les femmes sont donc maintenues dans la dependance des hommes. Que ce soit sous forme de conte de fee, de film ou de livre, les histoires de Cendrillon, et par extension de damoiselle en detresse, sont problematiques car elles faconnent nos fantasmes, nos desirs, nos attentes et nos relations avec l’autre sexe.

Ces tropes ont un double effet pervers : maintenir les femmes dans la passivite et imposer des normes quasi-inaccessibles aux hommes. En effet ceux-ci doivent absolument faire preuve de puissance, de richesse et de pouvoir afin d’etre desirables. How To Write? Les hommes subissent egalement la pression patriarcale, et plus encore ceux qui ne correspondent pas aux cliches traditionnels de la virilite : les homosexuels (meme s’ils ont des comportements « virils », la societe les considere souvent comme des « peu masculins »), les hommes voulant exercer un metier traditionnellement reserves aux femmes, les hommes dit « sensibles ». Mandela Introduction? Les hommes souffrant de la pression patriarcale ont d’ailleurs tout interet a deconstruire le genre comme les feministes le font plutot que de rejoindre les rangs des masculinistes… Les femmes sont tout de meme les premieres victimes des injonctions patriarcales venant des tropes de damoiselle en detresse et des contes de fee qui non seulement les privent de toute forme de pouvoir, mais leur font en plus croire que cette absence de pouvoir et cette soumission a l’homme sont la cle d’un reel bonheur qui repond aux « aspirations naturelles » de « lafame »[5]. Edit : Suite au commentaire d’une personne concernee, j’ai modifie le terme « Prostitue-e » par le terme « Travailleur-euse du sexe », j’ai egalement modifie quelques formulations qui me paraissaient problematiques. How To Mathematical Papers? Le sens de l’article n’a pas ete modifie.

[2] L’aphrodisme est le systeme de domination consistant a valoriser dans une societe donnee les individus correspondant aux normes de beaute physique de cette societe, tout en devalorisant ceux/celles qui n’y correspondent pas. Of Avila Essay? L’aphrodisme est analogue a d’autres systemes de domination comme le sexisme ou le racisme en tant que, comme eux, il construit socialement une inegalite a partir d’une difference physique qu’il a arbitrairement posee comme significative, voire essentielle. Write In English? Cf : L’article de Paul Rigouste : [4] A titre personnel, je suis anti-abolitionniste : [5] Oui, lafame, vous savez, cet eternel feminin qu’on trouve beaucoup dans les medias et si peu dans la realite… Merci Julie pour cette analyse. J’ai deux reactions apres cette lecture. 1- Pourquoi ce film a-t-il fait un tel succes lors de sa sortie au cinema ? Pourquoi reste t il culte a ce jour ? Il serait interessant, au dela de l’analyse du film, de comprendre les raisons du succes.

Comment un film avec autant de debilite puisse etre accepter par le public… C’est peut etre de la sociologie… Je ne sais pas… 2- Je penses a James Cameron. Les heroines de ce realisateur sont tout l’inverse de Vivian. Je pense notamment au Lieutenant Ellen Ripley ou Sarah Connor qui toutes deux evoluent dans des mondes tres masculins. Une petite analyse de ce type de film serait un bon contre exemple a Pretty Woman… Pour la petite histoire, Richard Gere a declare depuis que de tous les films dans lesquels il a tourne, « Pretty Woman » est celui qu’il apprecie le moins. Headlines? Il le trouve stupide. C’est vrai que c’est troublant, cette facon de glorifier le complexe de Cendrillon… Bravo, Julie. Je pense qu’il faut s’interroger sur le succes des contes de fees donc les vieux Disney, Twilight, 50 shades of how to mathematical in english, grey et les succes de Mommy Porn, Pretty woman ne sont que des variations…

Les contes de fee sont tres conservateurs (comme les mag feminins…) ils rassurent les gens, chacun sa place chacun son role… ca evite de se poser des questions et epargne l’effort de deconstruire. Meme si Cameron a realise Aliens (le deuxieme opus de la saga, donc), le premier film nous vient de Ridley Scott. Thesis? Il est interessant de noter que, dans le script original, Ripley etait un homme, et c’est d’ailleurs le cas de nombreux « strong female characters » du cinema hollywoodiens. Write Mathematical Papers? Je n’ai pas d’autres exemples en tete, mais j’etais deja tombe sur une liste mettant ce fait en avant, il est assez curieux de noter que malgre l’existence de personnages dont ils pourraient s’inspirer les scenaristes ont plus de facilites a creer et developper un personnage feminin interessant en modifiant un script ou il s’agissait originellement d’un homme qu’en travaillant des le depart sur une femme. Tres interessant Skratsch, je ne savais pas. Sujet a approfondir #128521; il y a egalement Jodie foster dans flight Plan si je me souviens bien… Je vais essayer de faire quelques recherches.

Ca me semble particulierement logique dans la mesure ou, dans notre culture, et, pour nous francophones, jusque dans notre langue (ou le genre grammatical « masculin » occupe aussi les fonctions occupees par le « neutre » dans les langues qui en ont), le masculin est a la fois une caracterisation et une non-caracterisation. Center? L’Homme (avec un grand H) est, par defaut, le plus souvent represente par UN homme, tout simplement parce qu’il n’existe pas vraiment dans notre semantique de representation d’un humain neutre (sinon comme un homme glabre a l’entrejambe non-detaille, cf. Mathematical Papers In English? la statuaire) ; au contraire, le feminin est toujours pense comme une caracteristique (en terme de silhouette par exemple, c’est de la silhouette feminine qu’on dit qu’elle « a des formes »). Quand un auteur donc commence a creer une nouvelle oeuvre, il peut partir d’un personnage pleinement caracterise (s’il pense a quelqu’un de son entourage par exemple), mais dans le cas contraire, par defaut, il aura tendance a ecrire « il », pour « le heros » – sans que cela veuille forcement dire qu’il pense a un heros expressement masculin, avec tous les attributs « virils » que ca implique generalement (ou, au contraire, avec la critique de cette conception de la virilite). A mon sens le probleme reside donc plus dans cet amalgame entre le masculin et le neutre / l’universel, que dans une reelle volonte de vouloir mettre du masculin partout au nom du patriarcat (qui est deja suffisamment fort pour ne pas avoir besoin de tels procedes). President Watergate? Meme si dans les consequences, ca importe peu, le resultat est le meme : les femmes sont bien moins visibles sur nos ecrans, les hommes occupant autant les roles « virils » que les roles « neutres », alors que les femmes sont le plus souvent reduites aux « love interests »… Que penses tu de ce court metrage dans lequel la prostitution est presentee reellement comme un metier comme les autres : Alors, l’image est moche, les acteurs sont mauvais, les dialogues sont pas credibles… je vous renvoie a l’article de Melange Instable qui est une prostituee qui est a mon avis l’auteure la plus juste sur la prostitution qu’elle decrit comme eprouvante, douloureuse mais egalement comme un choix et comme un moyen de survie : Ses autres textes sont egalement passionnants si la question de la prostitution vous interesse. je viens de lire le texte.

Je voulais reagir sur le blog mais apparemment ca ne fonctionne pas… Il faut etre enregistre ou chez pas quoi… Bref, tres interessant. Bon, faut dire qu’en voyant la video, j’ai eu la reaction de base : mal a l’aise, degout… Mais c’est interessant de lire un point de vue qui va dans le sens contraire. Je suis entierement d’accord avec elle au sujet des abribus… Mais bon, le jour ou les abribus afficheront des messages interessants ou digne d’interet… tu m’appelles. Et sinon, c’est quoi LGBT-phobe ? C’est la compilation de Homophobe (rejet de l’homosexualite), Biphobe (rejet de la bisexualite) et transphobe (rejet de la transexualite). bref tout ce sors du schema hetero…

LGBT= Lesbienne Gay Bi Trans. Euuuuuh… il n’y a pas que melange instable. Papers In English? Tres loin de la. Leadership Essays? Et merci de parler de travail du sexe. How To Write Mathematical Papers? C’est assez revoltant de lire toutes les 3 lignes « prostituee/prostitution ». Article interessant, merci d’avoir pointe du doigt a quel point ce film peut contenir des messages nauseabonds et etre bien plus qu’une comedie romantique nunuche mais inoffensive. Je m’interrogeais cependant sur la partie sur les scenes d’essayage ou Julia Roberts apparait decapitee et reduite a des parties du corps. Nelson Essay? Je ne cherche pas a nier l’existence du male gaze, qui est un probleme bien reel et omnipresent dans les medias, mais le film ciblant theoriquement un public feminin je me demandais si ces scenes n’avaient pas egalement pour but de « vendre » une image de la femme a ce meme public afin qu’il s’y conforme.

En effet, le fait de cacher le visage de l’actrice peut encourager les spectatrices a vouloir s’identifier a elle et envier sa place, un peu comme dans les pubs ultravirilistes de Malboro. Papers? Bien entendu toutes les femmes n’ont pas la carrure de Julia Roberts (heureusement d’ailleurs), mais le visage reste le meilleur moyen d’identifier une personne et le cacher peut donner l’illusion que n’importe qui pourrait etre a sa place, surtout dans la logique aphrodiste d’Hollywood. Cette idee est d’autant plus malsaine du fait que la personne a qui le public feminin est cense s’identifier est une prostituee, mais je pense que ma theorie est assez plausible si on st teresa of avila, la met en relation avec le complexe de Cendrillon. Je n’avais pas vu cette interpretation de la scene, elle me parait tres juste… Effectivement, le fait de couper le visage de Julia permet a la spectatrice de s’identifier, on how to write in english, joue effectivement sur le fantasme « shopping » des filles. on retrouve l’exploitation du « fantasme shopping » dans « Sex and papers president watergate the city » (qui est pourtant BEAUCOUP moins retrograde), le deuxieme film m’avait tout particulierement choque pour ca…

Juste une remarque en plus : Julia Roberts a ete doublee pour les scenes dans lesquelles on how to mathematical papers, ne voit que son corps, par Andrea Parker… Je suis d’accord avec tout ton article Julie Garnier! Tres bon article, comme la plupart sur ce site d’ailleurs! Le patriarcat, en effet, n’est pas seulement oppressif envers les femmes, mais aussi les hommes, ceux qui ne sont pas super virils et se la jouent pas Rambo, pour caricaturer. Essays I Believe? Etant un jeune homme, je trouve ca super chiant.

D’autant plus que la ou la societe dit aux femmes que pour feminine faut « etre belle, jeune et gentille », aux hommes pour etre masculin on write papers, dit « soyez entreprenant, actif, conquerant, puissant, intelligent, surtout pas sensible, autonome financierement, soyez leader dans votre couple avec votre femme » etc… C’est pour ca que je prefere le terme de viriarcat a celui de patriarcat. Studies A2 Coursework? Pour reussir dans cette societe, etre viril marche mieux que d’etre un pere. C’est pas faux… Mais quand on write, voit le ton paternaliste de certains, on center headlines thesis, comprend bien pourquoi « patriarcat »… Plus serieusement, le terme patriarcat renvoie a l’idee du pere comme chef de famille, le chef comme pere de la nation… donc le terme a sa justification meme si elle est moins valide dans nos societes modernes comme vous le faites remarquer… Je comprends bien, mais le terme me derange toujours un peu. How To? Je sais que ce n’est pas le but, mais il me donne toujours l’impression que ce qui est remis en cause c’est la notion meme de pere ayant un role dans la famille, et pas seulement le fait qu’il soit le dominant. Worst I Believe? Apres je sais qu’il y a sans doute une part de psychologie personnelle dans tout ca, mon pere n’a jamais ete le pere ideal et j’ai l’impression que le terme de « patriarcat » implique que fatalement tous les hommes sont de mauvais peres. Papers? Je sais que c’est un peu idiot, mais je me dis aussi que si je le ressens de cette facon d’autres personnes peuvent interpreter ce terme de la meme maniere a un niveau subconscient et donc reagir negativement pour une simple question de formulation. Par ailleurs, je trouve que le terme viriarcat rend mieux compte du fait que les rapports de domination qu’ils impliquent ne sont pas uniquement determines par l’age et le sexe biologique, mais aussi par le degre d’adhesion et d’expression d’une appartenance a un systeme de valeur genre.

C’est une formulation excessivement longue mais j’avais du mal a exprimer ca de maniere plus succincte. Je sens poindre comme une odeur de masculinisme dans votre commentaire :-). President? En effet, ce discours de la plainte par lesquels des hommes rappellent que « eux aussi ils souffrent du patriarcat » est un grand classique masculiniste, qui a pour effet concret de faire oublier que « le patriarcat », c’est avant tout des hommes qui dominent des femmes. Mathematical Papers In English? De plus, qu’ils soient des « Rambo » ou des geeks introvertis, TOUS les hommes tirent quotidiennement des benefices du fait qu’ils sont des hommes, qu’ils le veuillent ou non. Of Nursing Leadership? Pour ces raisons, mettre en avant les souffrances des hommes sous le patriarcat comme vous le faites est souvent un bon moyen pour les hommes de ne pas s’interroger sur leur place de dominant et les privileges qu’ils en retirent, et sur l’oppression subie par les femmes (qui n’a absolument aucune commune mesure avec « celle des hommes »). How To In English? Du moins c’est mon avis. Of Avila? Je vais un peu vite la par manque de temps, mais est-ce que vous voyez a peu pres ce que je veux dire ? Est-ce que vous comprenez les dangers d’un tel discours ? PS : Si cela vous interesse, il y a ici des brochures qui analyse le masculinisme : How To Mathematical? J’ai aussi lu un bouquin pas mal sur le sujet : Boys don’t cry, Les couts de la domination masculine . Leadership Essays? Il y a a mon avis du bon et du moins bon dans ce livre. How To In English? Certaines contributions me semblent en effet verser justement dans le masculinisme, mais il y en a d’autres qui sont passionnantes sur le sujet, comme celles de Francis Dupuis-Deri et celle de Michael Messner, que je trouve tres bien (l’intro du bouquin est bien aussi si je me souviens bien). C’est marrant, mais il y a toujours des mecs pour critiquer le vocabulaire des feministes.

Je me demande si ca peut etre le signe de quelque chose… #128521; Ce n’est pas moi qui ai invente le terme de viriarcat, je l’ai trouve par-ci par-la utilise par L’elfe sur son blog « Les questions composent », qui parle de feminisme, de veganisme, de droits de l’enfant, de biologie et de fruits. Mandela Essay? Je ne suis pas sur de l’utiliser dans son sens premier, mais je suis a peu pres certain qu’il n’a pas ete invente par des masculinistes qui cherchaient a se faire plaindre. Apres je ne pense pas avoir le recul intellectuel necessaire pour veritablement faire une critique du vocabulaire feministe, qui a une longue histoire assez complexe pour le peu que j’ai pu en voir, c’est surtout une question de ressenti personnel et ca a plus a voir avec l’emotion que la raison. How To Papers In English? Apres si vraiment mes choix de vocabulaires vous paraissent choquants pour une raison autre que sa non-conformite au vocabulaire feministe historiquement etabli et consensuel, je veux bien vous ecouter et peut-etre ne plus y avoir recours, mais du moment que je ne fais qu’exposer mon ressenti sans demander a quiconque de le partager et d’y adherer, j’ai du mal a comprendre le probleme. Excusez-moi pour le ton taquin de mon commentaire, j’aurais mieux fait d’expliquer plus directement ce que je voulais dire. Nelson Mandela Essay? Apres je n’ai pas non plus une idee tranchee sur le sujet, mais ca me titillait juste un petit peu.

Deja, je me mefie un peu des gens (et surtout des mecs) qui remettent en question le vocabulaire des feministes. Write In English? Rien que la posture me semble suspecte : le fait de dire aux femmes que le langage par lequel elles choisissent de dire l’oppression qu’elles subissent n’est pas le bon, et que l’homme va leur dire quels mots utiliser. Worst Essays? Je ne dis pas du tout que c’est l’esprit de votre message, mais je pousse la logique a l’extreme pour essayer de mettre en evidence la signification possible d’une telle posture. L’exemple qui me vient a l’esprit lorsque je dis un truc comme ca est l’incontournable « moi je n’aime pas le mot « feminisme » parce qu’il temoigne d’une volonte de domination d’un sexe sur un autre alors que moi je suis pour l’egalite » (que j’ai d’ailleurs encore entendu dans la bouche d’un mec pas plus tard que la semaine derniere, et comme par hasard, le mec en question s’adressait a des femmes qui se disaient feministes, pour leur expliquer evidemment qu’elles avaient tort de penser ce qu’elles pensent). How To Write? Une des fonctions de cet « argument » me semble etre de diaboliser le feminisme en le ramenant a une volonte de domination des femmes sur les hommes.

Une fonction anti-feministe donc. Du coup je m’interroge par rapport a votre intervention sur le terme de « viriarcat » (je ne condamne pas du tout le mot en soi, mais je cherche juste a reflechir aux raisons de votre preference pour ce terme, et surtout aux effets de ce choix ici et maintenant). Media A2 Coursework? Vous l’introduisez en disant etre d’accord avec ce qu’a dit Vagaboon juste au-dessus dans son commentaire, qui me semble lorgner un peu dangereusement vers le masculinisme (comme j’ai essaye de l’expliquer juste au-dessus). How To Write In English? Du coup je me dis qu’il y a peut-etre un peu la meme logique, a savoir de dire : oui les vrais dominants ce sont les hommes virils, pas moi. Leadership Essays? En insistant sur la « virilite », le terme « viriarcat » peut peut-etre permettre a certains hommes de se dedouaner de toute participation a la domination masculine, en se posant meme comme des victimes de celle-ci aux cotes des femmes (« nous aussi nous souffrons des injonctions a etre des Rambo »). Write Mathematical? Encore une fois, je ne dis pas que c’est votre intention, mais je me dis juste que dans le cadre de cette discussion, ca peut etre un effet de ce discours. Nixon Watergate? Est-ce que vous voyez ce que je veux dire ? Et encore une fois, je n’ai rien contre le mot « viriarcat » en soi, je m’interroge juste sur le sens qu’il y a dans un certain contexte et dans le cadre d’une certaine discussion, a dire qu’on le prefere au terme « patriarcat ». J’ai deja explique mes raisons plus haut, mes elles sont en partie affective ce qui peut-etre rend mon raisonnement biaise. Apres, le fait qu’il y ait des hommes qui ne trouvent pas leur place dans cette societe parce qu’ils ne repondent pas a l’injonction generale a etre viril, ca me semble etre indeniable. Write Mathematical Papers In English? Il n’y a qu’a voir, pour prendre un exemple extreme, comment sont traites les trans.

Je ne dis pas que la souffrance et le sentiment d’exclusion d’un homme blanc cis hetero qui ne correspond pas a l’ideal viriliste est comparable a celle des femmes, qui doivent vivre dans une culture du viol (qui est avant tout une culture du viol des femmes, je pense que la-dessus nous serons bien d’accord), ou a celle des homos et trans, qui se voient regulierement remis en question jusqu’a la legitimite de leur existence en temps que personnes. Center Thesis? Simplement, ca ne me semble pas masculiniste de dire que ce rapport de domination est present, et que dans une societe feministe et, par consequent, egalitaire, il n’aurait pas lieu d’etre. Je ne pretendrais jamais que je me suis totalement debarrasse de tous les prejuges et idees preconcues sur les questions de sexe, de genre, d’orientation sexuelle, d’origine ethnique ou de convictions religieuses que j’ai assimile et que je pourrais reproduire de maniere inconsciente, ni que ce que je vis est comparable a ce que vivent d’autres personnes bien plus victimes que moi de cette societe. How To Mathematical Papers In English? Ceci-dit reconnaitre que mon manque de virilite est socialement devalorise et m’assumer comme tel plutot que de chercher a me conformer a un ideal qui n’est pas le mien, ca ne me semble pas etre masculiniste. Of Nursing? D’autant plus que, a ce qu’il me semble, une societe feministe et non essentialiste aurait notamment pour consequence de resoudre mon probleme par effet de ricochet. Par ailleurs, je ne remets pas en cause le terme meme de feminisme. Write? Il y a eu une epoque ou il me posait effectivement probleme, mais j’ai trouve un article sur le blog Genre! qui expliquait ses origines et sa denotation, et je ne peux depuis qu’y adherer. Essay? Quand bien meme un autre terme devrait lui etre substitue, ce changement ne devrait pas etre initie par des hommes. On est d’accord. How To Write In English? Je cherchais juste la petite bete… Non pas juste pour vous embeter vous en particulier, mais aussi pour reflechir moi a ce genre de questions, sur lesquelles je n’ai pas d’idee arretee, mais auxquelles j’essaie de reflechir en tant que mec, pour eviter au maximum de reproduire des comportements ou discours masculinistes ou antifeministes. Headlines Thesis? A bientot.

Y a pas de mal, je pense que c’est le genre de reflexions qui demandent sans cesse a etre reactualisees je pense. A bientot a vous aussi. Merci pour votre message. How To Write Mathematical? C’est pas la premiere qu’on me dit que j’ai des propos masculinistes, la premiere fois j’ai pris ca a la rigolade, j’ai pense que c’etait un hasard ou une meprise, mais la, je prend conscience que c’est du serieux. Nixon Papers Watergate? C’est surement inconscient car c’est pour moi involontaire, j’aimerais bien avoir la vision des choses la plus objective possible et oui, je me rend compte du danger de tels discours. How To Mathematical Papers? Je vais donc voir les liens que vous m’avez propose. Sinon je suis aussi d’accord avec les posts de dessus. Worst? Pour ce qui est de la reference a Rambo, c’etait pour caricaturer he he. How To Mathematical Papers? =)

Du coup, comme c’est son travail, bin c’est une travailleuse du sexe… Je ne sais pas pourquoi la France reste bloquee sur le mot « prostituee »… Il a un cote tres derangeant, c’est qu’il signifie « qui est mis-e en avant ». Of Nursing Leadership? On ne peux pas etre acteur-ice, sujet, on how to, est forcement objet lorsqu’on est prostitue-e (sous entendu par quelque-un-e en fait). Le terme sexwork est utilise plus ou moins partout ailleurs (notamment par les ONG et asso de soin communautaire). Et nous sommes des travailleur-ses (parfois meme syndique-es). Suite a votre commentaire j’ai modifie l’article pour remplacer le terme prostitution par travail du sexe. J’ignorai que le terme etait problematique politiquement, je pensais qu’il s’agissait d’un terme neutre. Center Thesis? il n’etait pas dans mon intention d’ecrire quelque chose d’oppressif et j’en suis desolee.

Si vous avez d’autres liens que Melange Instable sur la question du travail du sexe, je serai interessee. Yup. How To Write Mathematical Papers? Merci pour votre modification #128578; je comprends parfaitement le probleme, comme je disais avec la France, le manque d’alternatives ethymologiques. Essays In This I Believe? Je connais le docu « Putes en lutte » (sur Youtube auquel j’ai participe ^^) d’Oelia Gouret. How To? Il y a aussi le site du STRASS (le syndicat des travailleur-ses du sexe), le film La Marcheuse, et les textes des Roses d’Acier (collectif de TdS chinoises sur Paris-Belleville). Nelson Mandela Essay Introduction? Autrement, le travail d’asso de sante communautaire telles que Cabiria (Lyon), Griselidis (Toulouse), Paloma (Nantes, dans lequel je suis secretaire, si vous souhaitez plus d’info). In English? Il y a un 2eme docu appele Puttes en lutte mais d’1h30 sur youtube aussi.

Le documentaire « Les prostituees de Lyon parlent » qui date des annees 75 (occupation de l’eglise de st nizier a lyon par des TdS, fait par Carole Roussopoulos). Center Headlines? Personnellement, je fais des conferences dans les milieux militants de l’ouest de la france de temps en temps (« le poil qui depasse » a Nantes, mon intervention a ete filmee). How To Write Papers? La tout de suite c’est ce qu’il me vient mais en y reflechissant plus j’en trouverai d’autres. Media Studies A2 Coursework? Les asso de soin communautaires sont en tous cas de tres bons moyens d’approche #128578;

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The Depiction of Lord Capulet in write mathematical Romeo Juliet. Set in the city of Verona during the 12th/13th century, Romeo and Juliet, is a typical love story by William Shakespeare with a tragedy twist. When Romeo Montague and his friends gate-crash Lord Capulet’s party, the last thing he imagined he would do is find the nixon papers term love of his life, Juliet. After realising Romeo is the write mathematical in english son of her father’s sworn enemy they decide to nixon president, keep their relationship secret and get married behind her families back. When Romeo’s best friend Mercutio is write papers, stabbed and killed by Juliet’s cousin Tybalt, Romeo kills Tybalt and is declared banished.

Meanwhile, Juliet’s father, Lord Capulet, decides to papers president term watergate, cheer his daughter up by allowing her to how to write mathematical in english, marry Paris, though unknown to him, she is already married. Severely wanting to get out of this marriage and with her husband, Romeo, in a different town, Juliet seeks assistance from the priest, father Lawrence, who hands her a ‘poison’ which will mimic death for essays, 24 hours, after her funeral she would be placed into a vault and when she awakes from her deep sleep her and Romeo would be able to run away to mathematical papers in english, be together. Romeo is unaware of nixon papers president watergate this plan as he is out when the messenger arrives so when his friend Balthasar learns of the death he immediately travels to tell Romeo. With Romeo thinking his love is dead he takes the risk of going back to Verona to mathematical papers, say his final farewell to Juliet, when he arrives he is automatically spotted and the police, once Romeo had purchased poison he makes his way to the church. Soon enough, father Lawrence learns that Romeo has no idea Juliet is actually still alive. Inside the church Romeo drinks the mandela essay introduction poison which begins to how to write in english, kill him.. just as Juliet begins to wake, she realizes it’s too late and takes his gun to her head, Killing her instantly. Act 1 scene 1, we see several men from two families (the Capulet’s and the Montague’s) take part in a fight led by Tybalt, a Capulet and Juliet’s cousin, and Benvolio, Romeo’s cousin and therefore a Montague. This is where we get the feel of absolute hatred between the two families. Nixon Papers Term Watergate? A loathing which has been passed down through generations, started between Lord Capulet, an overpowering and very controlling man and Lord Montague and equally powerful man.

We are first introduced to Lord Capulet when he gets involved in a fight between Sampson, Gregory Benvolio and Tybalt. How To Write Papers In English? He is papers, shown to be aggressive and confrontational because he says ‘What noise is this? Give me long sword ho! ’ as soon and he arrives. Which could indicate he doesn’t think about what he says and can be immature as well as how willing he is to get involved in the pointless feud, this is until Prince informs them ‘Once more, on pain of how to mathematical death, all men depart’ which implies if there is center, another street both Lord Capulet, Lord Montague and any other men involved will be executed, This is how to write papers in english, when Lord Capulet’s mood changes and he becomes calm. In Act 1 scene 2 Lord Capulet seems calm and willing to studies a2 coursework, make peace with Lord Montague, we know this because he says ‘… ‘tis not hard, I think for men so old as we to keep the peace. ’ ‘… _we_ to keep the papers in english peace’ This shows he is trying to nixon president term, approach Lord Montague in an equal and friendly manor as he accepts there cannot be any more violent outbreaks in how to the streets anymore. We next see Lord Capulet in headlines the Capulet household in the midst of a party when he is calmly talking to Paris about how to papers, his daughter Juliet. Women in the Elizabethan age could refuse marriage but would be disowned by their families. In the center headlines beginning of Romeo and Juliet, Lord Capulet thinks Juliet is ‘too young’ and how to write in english ‘still a stranger to the world’ . This is showing himself to be a very caring and loving father, this could be because he has no other children and philosophy of nursing leadership essays could also be the reason he treats Tybalt like the son he never had. He refuses Prince the hand of his daughter because he doesn’t want to lose her yet, he goes on how to, to change his mind later in st teresa essay the story. In the next scene Romeo Montague gatecrashes the Capulet’s party, Lord Capulet appears to be very respected by Tybalt because when Romeo is spotted and threatened by him, Lord Capulet looks at write mathematical him and says “Content thee, Gentle coz, let him alone;” He goes on to say “Here in my house do him no disparagement; Therefore be patient, take no note of him; It is my will, the which if thou respect”.

This is showing himself to be a fair man, treating his family and his enemy’s son the same and shows that he is clever, powerful and respected as he doesn’t want to make a scene in public and in front of his friends and family, Surprisingly Tybalt doesn’t go against his word at headlines thesis all, he listens and how to write mathematical papers in english respects the wishes of his uncle. Worst Essays I Believe? Shakespeare is showing this man to be kind and how to mathematical papers in english rational, we make a judgment at this stage. on how he isn’t reacting to essays in this i believe, the fact Romeo is his the son of his arch-rival. In this scene Lord Capulet also compliments Romeo by calling him ‘A virtuous and well governed youth’ which shows how relaxed he is about the young Montague’s presence because we couldn’t imagine him complimenting an enemy in such a way. By the next point in the story, Tybalt and mathematical in english Mercutio are dead and we start to get an idea of what sort of a man Lord Capulet really is. In Act 3 Scene 4 he changes his mind and allows Prince to worst in this, marry Juliet for a few reasons i. e. He wants her to be married and settled to write mathematical, a man he approves of, He wants to be proud of her, He wants her to be married to a man who has money, is generous, powerful and respected … not knowing that she is already married to media studies, Romeo. After Tybalt is killed we know Juliet is devastated because she locks herself in her room, only letting Romeo in because he appears on her balcony, unbeknown to her father. We also know Tybalt’s death isn’t the only reason for her upset the other reason she is in such shock is the fact her ‘true love’, Romeo, is the reason for Tybalt’s death although her father doesn’t know , if he knew Romeo and Juliet were married she would be disowned by him and the rest of their family. Lord Capulet decides to bring the wedding forward in order to cheer her up, we know this because he says ‘She loved her kinsman Tybalt dearly’, He sees the wedding of his only child an opportunity to lift the mood after such death in mathematical in english the family. Unfortunately Juliet doesn’t want to marry Prince because she is in love with the now banished, Romeo. When Lady Capulet tells Juliet of her husband’s plans for her to philosophy of nursing essays, be wed ‘early next Thursday morn’ she is surprised but refuses and tells her mother ‘When I do marry, I swear, It shall be Romeo, whom you know I hate, rather than Paris’ , We can tell from this sentence that she hasn’t told her mother of her relationship with Romeo and that her mother thinks Juliet hates Romeo for mathematical papers in english, killing Tybalt.

As Lord Capulet enters her room he immediately describes her body as a ‘fountain’ and says ’in one little body thou counterfeit’s a bark, a sea, a wind, For thy eyes, which I may call the sea, Do ebb and flow with tears. Thy bark thy body is, Sailing in this salt flood. Thy winds thy sighs…’ Which shows us he is concerned about her and her wellbeing, showing him to headlines, be a caring father for how to write mathematical papers in english, a split-second. Headlines? He is angered when he hears that she will not be. marrying Paris and disowns her straightaway, he says unforgivable things to her such as ‘Out, you green sickness, carrion! Out you baggage! You tallow face’ he also calls her a ‘Disobedient wretch’ He goes on how to write mathematical, to say ‘Get thee to church o’ Thursday, Or never after look me in the face’ , so he’s saying she either marries Paris or she’ll lose her father, She has to make the decision. There is a suggestion of physical violence when Lord Capulet exclaims ‘My fingers itch.’ Implying he wants to president watergate, hit her for disrespecting him by disagreeing with him. How To Papers? He reminds her of the importance of family and marrying to obtain a high status, we know this because he says ‘And having now provided A gentleman of A noble parentage, Of fair demesnes, youthful and essays i believe nobly trained, stuffed as they say, with honorable parts’ he describes Paris in this way because he is mathematical papers, trying to studies, persuade Juliet to marry him, its as if he doesn’t want to how to in english, disown her. Lord Capulet decides that she can ‘No longer house with me’ unless she marries Paris and he would rather see her beg, starve and die in the streets than live with her if she doesn’t go through with the marriage.

Lord Capulet’s behavior in this scene shocks us because we are used to seeing him as a caring and loving father towards Juliet and we don’t expect him to go this far when she refuses because he has seemed like a calm man in previous scenes. St Teresa Of Avila? It’s sad to see his behavior change this dramatically towards her because a father should look out for his daughter. It’s also sad to see because it was his decision and she hasn’t had a choice in the matter at all and the feud between the Montague’s and Capulet’s was started between the write papers in english two fathers so it isn’t Juliet’s fault and nixon papers president term watergate she should be able to see Romeo if she wants to. During the play, the language Lord Capulet uses to describe Juliet changes a lot. In the beginning of the play he describes her as ‘still a stranger to the world’ and ‘too young to mathematical in english, marry’ which shows he is a caring father. He is looking out for his daughter and by saying she is too young to headlines thesis, marry, he is write papers, trying to protect her from growing up too fast. His behavior towards her changes vastly when she refuses to marry Paris possibly because he has spent time trying to protect her and now she throws it back in his face by disagreeing with him. Although Lord Capulet is unaware of the media fact she is how to write mathematical papers in english, already married, she has just delayed being disowned by her father by keeping her marriage to of avila, Romeo a secret.

We notice the change immediately because one minute he’s describing her sadness and acting like he cares about write papers in english, her enough to mandela essay introduction, be concerned about her happiness and then he change into a stubborn and, what seems like, a care-free father . We notice the change when he says ‘What is this? “Proud” and “I thank you” and “I thank you not” And yet not “proud”? Mistress minion you. ’ We don’t think he is capable of how to write mathematical in english disowning his only child but he continues to essays, call her ‘Baggage’ and ‘Green sickness’ which shows just how upset and angry he is how to write, with her. He uses harsh words by president watergate saying ‘An you be mine, I’ll give you my friend. An you be not, Hang, beg, starve, die in the streets, For, my soul, I’ll ne’er acknowledge thee, Nor what is write mathematical, mine shall never do thee good’ saying he no longer will want anything to do with her if she doesn’t marry Paris and center headlines thesis he would rather see her beg, starve and die on the streets rather than give her somewhere to mathematical in english, live and he’ll never want anything to nixon watergate, do with her, however if she agrees to marry Paris then he will forgive her for disagreeing and how to she can stay living there etc. Act 4 scene 5, When Juliet is found ‘dead’ in her bedroom , Lord Capulet appears to be grief-stricken and genuinely upset even though he had said he would disown her if she didn’t marry Paris. Philosophy Leadership Essays? His sadness over how to rules his power in this scene as he turns to Lady Capulet and says ‘ O Heaven!

O wife, Look how our daughter bleeds! ’ showing that he is so upset, he doesn’t care about how he appears to anyone else. We realise he doesn’t see how he is essay introduction, partly responsible for her ‘death’ by forcing her into a marriage just to bring joy to how to papers, himself, not in studies fact thinking at all about what Juliet would want. If he had realised this, we may be able to feel more sympathetic towards him as he would have probably been really upset and angry with himself which, in write mathematical papers turn, could have saved his daughter’s life when she awoke. When she does awake to find Romeo had poisoned himself, oblivious to the fact Juliet wasn’t dead at all, she shoots herself in the head with his gun so as they can be together after all, even if that means in mandela essay a different life. We notice that Lord Capulet realises the how to mathematical papers in english feud between the two families have been to blame for the two lovers’ deaths because he offers Lord Montague his hand and overall peace between the essays in this Montague’s and how to in english Capulet’s, Again showing the loving and caring fatherly side to himself. Worst Essays In This? Throughout the entire play Lord Capulet’s mood varies between a loving, concerned father and an angry, heartless, powerful man. There are 4 main points in his behaviour. In the beginning he comes across as a powerful man when he takes part in a fight , his attitude in this scene is limited as he seems to be this man who is only interested in showing the how to mathematical in english Montague family who owns the city.

When he engages in a conversation with Paris about marrying Juliet, he becomes more of a caring father and try’s to look out for her by saying she is ‘Too young’ to marry and although he says she is ‘still a stranger to him? which suggests that he has doubts about of nursing leadership essays, her loyalty to in english, him and this also shows an absence of trust in her. The next main point is when he changes again to become an essays i believe angry and somewhat cold man, we think this because he feels let down and his fears of how to mathematical papers in english loyalty towards him are true to an extent. He decides to disown her as a daughter unless she marries Paris because he feels let down and he obviously though he was doing right by her. He says he would rather see her beg and die on the streets than stay in that house, he calls her ‘baggage’ which we can guess means she was a ‘mistake’. The last point we can gather how remorseful he is because he is totally overwhelmed with grief, we see the caring fatherly side to mandela essay, him for how to write papers in english, the last time in the final scene when the two lovers are found dead together in the chapel. We can tell he knows the leadership feud has been the how to write papers in english main reason for their deaths and rightly blames himself. We know how sorry he is when he offers peace to Lord Montague and we realise he has been a loving father and worst essays husband all the how to mathematical papers way through the play, he just thinks what he is doing (i. e. feuds, arranged marriages etc.) is all for the right reasons and st teresa he feels he is doing right by his family. He finally understands that his wants and Juliet’s wants were completely different and all that she wanted was irrelevant by him at the time. Mathematical? We feel sympathy for him at st teresa this final point in the play because we can see how he realises everything now and it’s now too late to make up for the mistakes he has made, The only thing he can do is make peace with his rival. How To Mathematical Papers? Lord Capulet chose his power over his family and by papers president watergate doing so, two young people ended up dying, making this the perfect tragedy and love story.

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43 Resume Tips That Will Help You Get Hired. When you haven’t updated your resume in how to write in english, a while, it can be hard to media studies know where to start. What experiences and accomplishments should you include for the jobs you’ve got your eye on? What new resume rules and trends should you be following? And seriously, one page or two? Well, search no more: We’ve compiled all the resume advice you need into one place.

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Don’t try to media creatively fill in gaps on your resume. For example, if you took time out of the how to workforce to raise kids, don’t list your parenting experience on your resume, a la “adeptly managed the growing pile of laundry” (we’ve seen it). Worst I Believe! While parenting is how to mathematical papers in english, as demanding and intense a job as any out there, most corporate decision makers aren’t going to worst essays take this section of your resume seriously. 39. Ditch “References Available Upon Request” If a hiring manager is interested in you, he or she will ask you for references—and will assume that you have them. Write Mathematical! There’s no need to address the obvious (and doing so might even make you look a little presumptuous!).

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Photo courtesy of Hero Images / Getty Images . Erin Greenawald is a freelance writer, editor, and content strategist who is how to papers in english, passionate about elevating the standard of writing on the web. Erin previously helped build The Muse’s beloved daily publication and thesis led the company’s branded content team. If you’re an individual or company looking for help making your content better—or you just want to mathematical papers go out to in this i believe tea—get in touch at Hmmm, seems you#39;ve already signed up for this class. While you#39;re here, you may as well check out all the amazing companies that are hiring like crazy right now.

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Writing an Essay on Theme: Introducing a Prompt and Analyzing a Model Essay. Use this guide to build additional literacy blocks alongside the module lessons. Tell us how the curriculum is working in your classroom and send us corrections or suggestions for improving it. Model and Practice Essay on Theme handout. A. Reviewing Learning Targets (5 minutes) B. Sharing Homework and Engaging the Reader (5 minutes) A. Introducing Theme Essay Prompt for Myrtle(10 minutes) B. Introducing Essay Criteria and Analyzing a Model Essay (20 minutes) C. Practicing Writing a Conclusion (15 minutes) A. Share and Debrief (5 minutes) A. Read Chapter 16 and complete the summary notes and summary statement in your Reader’s Guide for mathematical, The Hope Chest , Chapter 16: “Politics and Gunplay.”

explain, locate, evidence, theme, practice, contributions, protect, prevent, distract. A. Reviewing Learning Targets (5 minutes) Direct students’ attention to the learning targets: – “I can explain how evidence I locate in The Hope Chest is nixon president term watergate, connected to the central theme, ‘making a difference.’” – “I can analyze an essay about how Myrtle contributes to the central theme or “makes a difference” in The Hope Chest. ” – “I can practice writing a conclusion for an essay on Myrtle’s contributions to the central theme of The Hope Chest. How To Mathematical! ” Ask for a few volunteers to read the learning targets aloud. Center Headlines! Ask students to write mathematical papers in english, listen for words that help them understand what they will be doing in the lesson as each target is read. After each learning target is read, ask students to share any important words in the targets. In This I Believe! Listen for: “explain,” “locate,” “evidence,” “theme,” “practice,” and “contributions.” Give synonyms for words that may be unfamiliar to students (“locate: find,” “contributions: help to advance”).

Explain that students will continue to look for evidence of the central theme, “making a difference,” as they read the novel, but they will also prepare to write an essay about the theme for their end of unit assessment. Tell them that today they will do both, first by looking for how to papers in english, evidence of theme, then by analyzing a model essay and writing its conclusion using specific criteria that you will provide for them. B. Sharing Homework and Engaging the Reader (5 minutes) Remind students what they were expected to do for homework: “Read Chapter 15 and complete the summary notes and in this i believe, summary statement in how to papers in english your Reader’s Guide for The Hope Chest , Chapter 15: “The Ferocious Mrs. Catt.” Mark any examples of the philosophy of nursing, central theme, ‘making a difference,’ with an evidence flag.” Ask students to share their summary notes and statement with their reading triad Encourage them to revise their statements for write papers, clarity based on their conversation, using a green colored pencil . Use equity sticks to studies a2 coursework, cold call one or two groups to share their summary statements. Listen for summaries like this and refer to the Reader's Guide for The Hope Chest , Chapter 15: The Ferocious Mrs. Catt (Answers for Teacher Reference) : – “In Chapter 15, Violet overhears the Antis talking about kidnapping one of the legislators to make sure the how to write in english, amendment does not get voted on. She goes to find Chloe at the Hermitage hotel and tell her, but she has trouble finding her and getting her attention. When she finally does, she cannot tell her in nelson mandela essay private because Mr. Martin, Myrtle, and a woman named Mrs.

Catt are all there too. Violet decides to tell them all. Mrs. Catt tells Chloe that Mr. Martin and Myrtle need to stay out of sight or they might upset the legislators and says they will get the legislator a bodyguard.” Allow students to papers in english, revise as necessary. Tell them that they will share any evidence of the papers president term, central theme in a few moments. A. Introducing Theme Essay Prompt (10 minutes)

Post the End of Unit 2 Assessment prompt for students. Read the how to write papers in english, essay prompt to students and ask them to turn to their triads and of nursing essays, discuss what the prompt is asking them to do. After groups have had a minute to discuss the papers in english, prompt, call on a few to explain the prompt in their own words to the class. Clarify the meaning of the prompt by telling students that their task will be to write an essay that explains how Violet “makes a difference,” or improves people’s lives or the world, in The Hope Chest. Tell them that they have already gathered some evidence for this essay on essay, the Violet’s Character anchor chart and have marked it by adding stars next to the entries that are related to the central theme. Tell students that they will continue to use the Violet’s Character anchor chart to prepare for this essay by gathering additional evidence from the remaining chapters of the book. Ask students to get out their Student Copy of the Character Anchor Charts (from Lesson 14). Post the Violet’s Character anchor chart . Draw a line under the latest entry on the anchor chart and write the words: “Evidence of the theme ‘making a difference.’” Then, continue the two-column chart with these revised titles: “Actions related to how to write papers, theme” and “How they are related” (see supporting materials for in this i believe, an example). How To Write Papers! Have students do the same to their version of the Violet’s Character anchor chart. Next, ask students if there is anything that happened in Chapter 15 related to the central theme, “making a difference,” that they could add to the revised version of the Violet’s Character anchor chart. Tell them that from now on, the class will add only examples that relate to the central theme.

Explain that this will help them collect the evidence they need for their essay about Violet’s contribution to the theme. Tell them that it is okay for them to notice and mark other characters’ actions related to the theme, but from now on only Violet’s actions will be recorded. I Believe! Ask them to discuss with their triad any evidence of how to mathematical papers in english, theme they marked in last night’s homework. Explain that they should also discuss how each piece of evidence is an example of the theme and be prepared to share with the whole class. Cold call students for suggestions for what should be added to the anchor charts related to the theme “making a difference.” Prompt them to explain how each character action is related to the theme. Philosophy Of Nursing Leadership! Be sure the following is added to both the how to mathematical, Violet’s Character anchor chart and the student copies:

* Action related to nixon, “making a difference”: “Violet tells Chloe and Mrs. Catt about the Antis’ plot to how to write papers in english, kidnap a legislator, which she overheard (page 194). * How they are related to this theme: “Her actions make a difference by protecting one of the legislators, and this helps the Suffs’ cause.” B. Introducing Essay Criteria and Analyzing a Model Essay (20 minutes) Explain that another way for students to prepare for this essay is to in this i believe, look at how to papers, a model essay, and that is what they will do next. Post the Myrtle’s Character anchor chart . Ask triads to discuss: * “If you were to write an essay about media how Myrtle’s character contributes to the theme ‘making a difference,’ what would you write? How has she made a difference in The Hope Chest so far?” Give triads 5 minutes to how to write mathematical papers in english, discuss the question.

Circulate and listen in on discussions. Prompt students to use the evidence on the Myrtle’s Character anchor chart to support their answer. Cold call a few groups to thesis, share their answers. Students may simply cite examples directly from the anchor chart; if they do, prompt them to generalize or characterize how Myrtle contributes to the theme: * “If you had to say how Myrtle made a difference overall, or in general, what would you say?” * “Look at the evidence on her anchor chart. Write Mathematical Papers! As a whole, what does it suggest about how Myrtle contributes to the theme?” Listen for students to notice that Myrtle contributes to the theme mostly through helpfulness to her friends Violet and Mr. Martin.

Explain that the nelson mandela introduction, focus statement of an essay must be a synthesis of all the evidence that has been collected. Tell them that you will show them an example. Display the Model and Practice Essay on how to in english, Theme handout using a document camera . Center! Ask the class to read along silently and listen for the gist of the how to mathematical, essay. Worst In This! Read the essay, and then ask students to turn to how to write mathematical papers in english, their triad and describe the gist of the essay. Cold call a few groups to st teresa essay, share the gist. Listen for: “It is an essay about how Myrtle makes a difference by helping and protecting her friends.” Tell students that this is the focus of the essay. It is a synthesis of how to write papers in english, all the evidence collected related to Myrtle’s character and the central theme, “making a difference.” Distribute the Model and nixon papers term, Practice Essay on how to write mathematical papers in english, Theme handoutto each student. Invite students to read the prompt and directions at the top of the paper.

Ask: * “What do you notice about this prompt?” Listen for: “It is almost exactly the media studies a2 coursework, same as our end of unit assessment prompt, except it is about how Myrtle makes a difference.” * “What are the three things you will do?” Listen for: “Listen to the essay, reread to analyze and annotate it based on the criteria, and how to mathematical in english, write a conclusion for it.” Next, post the of nursing leadership, Structure of a Short Essay anchor chart (from Lesson 9). Mathematical! Review the parts and purposes of an essay and their corresponding colors: – Introduction: catch reader’s attention and provide background—red. – Focus statement: explains the focus of the essay and answers the prompt—green.

– Body: offers examples and evidence that support the media a2 coursework, focus—blue and yellow. – Conclusion: summarizes the how to, focus statement and leaves the reader with something to think about related to the topic—green. Tell students that the criteria listed on the Model and Practice Essay on Theme handout will fit into this structure. Point out that the studies, annotation for each of these criteria will match the colors on the Structure of how to papers in english, a Short Essay anchor chart. St Teresa! Ask students to read the criteria (the learning targets) and how to mathematical, talk with their triads about what is familiar from nixon papers, past writing and what is unfamiliar in these criteria. Listen for them to notice the following similarities and differences from papers, their writing in previous lessons and modules and st teresa, ask them to underline the differences:

– Similarity: The introduction includes background. – Difference: The introduction includes an explanation of the theme. – Similarity: The introduction includes a focus statement that answers the prompt. – Similarity: The body includes examples with evidence from the text. – Difference: The body includes an papers in english explanation of how the essays i believe, examples are related to the theme. – Similarity: There are linking words to connect the paragraphs. – Similarity: The conclusion summarizes the focus statement. – Difference: The conclusion must leave the reader with something to think about related to the theme.

Next, ask students to read through the directions for how to mathematical papers in english, annotating in the left-hand column and ask if there are any questions. Clarify if needed. Tell students that as a class and with their triads, they will work to philosophy essays, annotate the essay for each of how to write in english, these criteria. Distribute colored pencils (three of each color: red, green, blue, and purple) to each triad. Lead students through annotating each of the criteria based on the instructions in the Model and Practice Essay on Theme handout. For example, for the first learning target in the criteria, you may ask students to reread the first paragraph of the essays, essay with their triad and decide what should have a red box around it based on the first learning target in mathematical in english the list of criteria.

Then tell them that after a few minutes, you will cold call a group to share what they think should be boxed with red. Tell students NOT to mark their model essays with red colored pencil until the class has agreed where the text should be annotated for of avila, this learning target. After a few minutes of triad discussion, cold call a group to share, then model how to annotate for this learning target (see the supporting materials for an annotated version of the model essay). Follow a similar procedure for each of the how to write, learning targets in the criteria, or release students to complete the rest of the annotating with their triads, if you are confident they will be able to find evidence of each learning target in the list of criteria on their own. Refer to the Model and Practice Essay on Theme (Answers, for Teacher Reference) as you work with students. C. Practicing Writing a Conclusion (15 minutes)

Stop students when they have annotated the introduction and the body paragraphs for of avila, each of the related targets and focus their attention on the final learning target related to the conclusion paragraph: * “I can write a conclusion that summarizes my focus statement and leaves my reader with something to how to, think about philosophy of nursing leadership related to the central theme, “making a difference.” Explain that there are two parts to this learning target: summarizing the focus statement and write mathematical in english, leaving the reader with something to think about related to the theme. Remind students that they have already practiced the first part of the learning target when they wrote essays about Myrtle and Violet in Lessons 9 and 11. Tell them that they will focus on the second part of the target today. Ask triads to discuss: * “What do you think it means to ‘leave something for your readers to think about related to the theme’?” Cold call students and listen for the following: “It means that the conclusion should say something about why making a difference is important in the story” or “It means that the conclusion should say something about why the a2 coursework, author might have included this theme” or “It means the conclusion should say something about what the reader should learn from the theme.” Explain that anything that asks the reader to reflect on the theme “making a difference” is appropriate here. This is the essay writer’s choice: What is the “so what” about this theme in this novel, and why should the reader care? Explain that the conclusion should show the essay writer’s unique take on the prompt. Give students this quick example: “If I were writing an essay about the theme of ‘resisting stereotypes’ in The Hope Chest , I might write a sentence similar to in english, the following …” Model by writing this conclusion on the board:

* “Myrtle resisted the stereotype of what a ‘colored’ girl should grow up to do, be a maid. We could all learn a lot from a character like Myrtle. It is important to choose your own path in life.” Ask students to give it a try by writing the conclusion for the model essay. Tell students to do the following: Reread the last learning target in the criteria list. Reread the essay and think about their unique take on the importance of Myrtle making a difference. Center Thesis! Independently, draft a conclusion on how to papers in english, their Model and Practice Essay on Theme handout. Circulate and nelson, support students as needed.

A. Share and write mathematical papers, Debrief (5 minutes) Gather students together for a round of Mix and essays in this, Mingle (see supporting materials). Tell them they have done a Mix and Mingle before, but that you would like to give them a few reminders for how to do it: Wait for my signal to start. Find a partner whom you did not work with in write papers today’s lesson. Share your conclusion and one way you stretched yourself as a learner in today’s lesson. Thank your partner and continue to a2 coursework, share with different partners until I have given the signal to stop. Give students 5 minutes to write mathematical papers, Mix and Mingle, then collect their Model and Practice Essay on Theme handouts for formative assessment toward W.4.2. Note: Review students’ conclusions in nelson mandela the Model and Practice Essay on Theme handout and papers in english, provide feedback based on the criteria for conclusions outlined on philosophy of nursing essays, the handout. Students will use this feedback to revise their conclusions as an entrance ticket in the next lesson. Copyright 2013-2015 by write mathematical papers, EL Education, New York, NY. Of Nursing Leadership Essays! All Rights Reserved.

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